Legal Notices


Pursuant to the French Code de la Propriété Intellectuelle (Intellectual Property Code), any partial or total reproduction of the Archaos website for collective use is strictly prohibited without the express authorization of Archaos. Furthermore, the user is prohibited from modifying, translating, or transcribing in any other language the content of the domain and from transferring the data from the domain to any third party without prior authorization from Archaos.

© 2023, Archaos. All rights reserved. Any reproduction of this work by any means is prohibited without the written authorization of the publisher.


The term “content” used in the present page is to be understood as follows: “content” signifies any type of information, work, text, video, sound, animation, photograph, or image contained on the website.

Authorized use
The French Code de la Propriété Intellectuelle (Intellectual Property Code) authorizes, according to the terms of paragraphs 2 and 3 of article L. 122-5, on the one hand, “copies or reproductions strictly reserved for the private use of the copyist and not destined for collective use” and, on the other hand, subject to the author and source being named, “analyses and short quotations as justified by the critical, polemic, educational, scientific, or informative nature.” Any other representation or reproduction, by any process, particularly via download or print-out, will therefore constitute an infringement sanctioned by articles L 335-2 et seq. of the French Code de la Propriété Intellectuelle (Intellectual Property Code).

Therefore, you are authorized to access, download, and print any page of content on a temporary file for your own personal use. With the exception of original works published online and subject to a technological protection measure, in accordance with the dispositions of the Directive of 22 May 2001 on “the harmonization of certain copyrights and related rights in an information society” (Dir. 2001/29/EC, 22 May 2001, JOCE 22 June, no. L 167, p.10), the reproduction of the pages of this website is authorized on a paper medium, to the exclusion of any other and subject to the observance of the three following cumulative conditions:

• free distribution;
• respect of the integrity of the content reproduced (no modification or alteration) and assurance that the source is mentioned;
• explicit citation of the website of Archaos ( as the source and mention that the rights of reproduction are reserved and strictly limited to private copying.

Prohibited Use
The entire content published on the website is the exclusive property of Archaos or the third party from which it has obtained the exploitation rights. Consequently, any total or partial representation or reproduction, made without the consent of the author or their assignees, is illicit (art. L 122-4 of the French Code de la Propriété Intellectuelle.)
Any use as described below requires prior written authorization.
• extraction, manipulation, or modification of content in any way;
• dissemination, radio broadcasting, exhibition, public representation of content;
• storage of content on any media, including the extraction of databases, computer program, or website;
• renting or lending of content;
• exploitation or commercial publication of content in any way.


In accordance with the French Code de la Propriété Intellectuelle (Intellectual Property Code), every author has the right to the respect of their name and the integrity of their work. Therefore, any use of content protected as an original work by the French Code de la Propriété Intellectuelle (Intellectual Property Code) must be made without modification and must bear the name of their author and of the assignee of rights where required.

Every effort has been made in the development of content, however, Archaos may not be held accountable or responsible, expressly or by implication, for the accuracy of content that may be created nor the use to which it may be put by internet users. Furthermore, Archaos is not responsible for the use that may be made by the internet user of information that may be found on the website.
Archaos undertakes to take all the necessary steps to ensure the optimum provision of the services it offers to the internet user. It shall not be held liable in the event of force majeure or fact beyond its control, particularly in the event of the interruption of service resulting from a failure in the telephone network or in the internet user’s internet service provider.
The Archaos website also includes links to websites of partner institutions and/or organizations; Archaos is not responsible for the opening and content of these websites.


This website authorizes the creation of a hypertext link to its content, provided that the deep linking technique is not used and the source is mentioned. However, no authorization is given to internet sites disseminating information that is an affront to human dignity, public order and public morality.


This site uses Google Analytics, a web analysis service provided by Google Inc. (“Google”). Google Analytics uses cookies, which are text files placed on your computer, to help the website analyze how users use the site. The data generated by the cookies concerning your use of the site (including your IP address) will be transmitted and stored by Google on servers located in the United States. Google will use this information for the purpose of evaluating your use of the site, compiling reports on site activity for its publisher and providing other services relating to site activity and the use of the site. Google may communicate this data to third parties in the event of a legal obligation or when these third parties process this data on behalf of Google, including in particular the publisher of this site. Google will not match your IP address with any other data held by Google. You can deactivate the use of cookies by selecting the appropriate settings on your browser. However, such deactivation could prevent the use of certain features of this site. By using this website, you expressly consent to the processing of your personal data by Google under the conditions and for the purposes described above.


Under the Data Protection Act of 6 January 1978, the User has the right to access, modify, amend, and delete any personal data.

This right may be exercised by contacting:

Service communication
22 Bd de la Méditerranée

For more information, consult the CNIL:
• Commission Nationale de l’Informatique et des Libertés
• 8 rue Vivienne
• CS 30223
• 75083 Paris cedex 02
• or the website: